1998-1999 of release
Repair and operation of the car
- Cars of the Honda Accord brand
Identification numbers of the car
Acquisition of spare parts
Technology of service, tool and equipment of a workplace
Poddomkrachivaniye and towage
Security system of an audio equipment
Start of the engine from the auxiliary power supply
Automobile chemicals, oils and greasings
Diagnostics of malfunctions of knots and systems of the car
- Governing bodies and methods of operation
Elements of security systems of the car
Equipment of the car, arrangement of devices and governing bodies
Methods of operation
+ Settings and routine maintenance
+ Cooling systems, heating
+ Power supply system and release
+ Electric equipment of the engine
+ Engine management
+ gear shifting Box
+ Coupling and power shafts
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Onboard electric equipment
+ Schemes of electric equipment
Влияние цвета на настроение и эмоциональное состояние человека
Methods of operation
Main cautionsThe Honda car will provide to the owner optimum characteristics and will show high operational qualities on roads with a good and equal covering. It is promoted by a small road gleam and low-profile tires.
Be careful at movement on rough roads and unpaved roads. Trips on them can lead to damage of a suspension bracket and/or bottom of the car. Show care when moving via special limiters of speed ("the lying police officer") which settle down directly on a roadbed, - their overcoming is at great speed also fraught with serious damages of a suspension bracket and/or bottom.
In order to avoid damage of a front or rear bumper, be careful at congress from curbstones and ramps/ramps of trailers. Remember that the low suspension bracket does dangerous to this car of a vjezdn borders even usual height.
Running in of the new carTo provide reliability and durability of the car in operation, throughout the first 600 km of run it is necessary to adhere to the following rules:
a) Do not start on full gas, avoid sharp dispersals;
b) Do not brake too sharply. Normal extra earnings of new brake shoes occurs throughout run in 300 km during which it is necessary to brake, whenever possible, smoothly and with average intensity.
5 After repair or replacement of the engine, and also after replacement of brake shoes it is necessary to observe similar restrictions and recommendations.
Gas station of the car
Type of the applied fuelFor modifications of KY:
The engine of the car is calculated a naekspluatation on ethylated gasoline with octane number 92 or above. Use of unleaded gasoline with octane number 92 or is higher also is admissible.
For all modifications, except KY:
Operation of cars with engines 1.6, 1.8 and 2.0 of l has to be made on unleaded gasoline with octane number not lower than 95 (on a research method - AI).
With the engine of 2.2 l it is necessary to apply unleaded fuel with octane number to gas station of cars not lower than 98 (AI). Situations when gasoline with the demanded octane number is absent at gas station are possible. In these cases it is possible to apply gasoline with octane number 95. The control system of the engine adapts it for the used gasoline, however some decrease in the developed power as a result of such replacement becomes inevitable.
Operation of the car on ethylated gasoline can lead to failure of the catalytic converter, the engine. It is worth to remember also about a factor of environmental pollution.
Gas station of a fuel tank
The filling mouth of a toplivnogobak is located on the left side of the car therefore it is necessary to approach a fuel-dispensing column at gas station the left board.
Screw a cover on a filling mouth of a fuel tank and properly tighten it, - not less than two clicks of a clamp of a cover have to be heard.
Close the hatch and press it for a lock clamp zashchelkivaniye.
Opening of a cowl
Make sure of reliability of fixing of the lock of a cowl.
Control of level of engine oilThe description of procedure of check of level of oil is provided in the Head Nastroyki and routine maintenance of the present manual.
Control of level of cooling liquid of the engine
The description of procedure of check of level of cooling liquid is provided in the Head Nastroyki and routine maintenance of the present manual.
Valve of an emergency shutdown of supply of fuel
Transportation of goods in the car
The car is equipped with several capacities intended for placement of the transported subjects.
Large-size subjects should be placed in a luggage compartment of the car. Transportation of lengthy subjects becomes possible thanks to a folding design of backs of a back seat.
It is necessary to remember, however, that the wrong transportation of freights can negatively affect controllability and stability of the car and, therefore, to reduce safety. Before transporting this or that freight in the car, study information given below.
Transportation of goods
Maximum loading capacity of the car
Transportation of goods in salon of the car
Reliably fix all subjects placed in salon of the car, in order to avoid their shift in case of a road accident.
Do not place a krupnogabaritnyepredmeta on the back shelf of salon, - they narrow to the driver sector of the review and can be dumped forward at collision sharp braking.
Be convinced of that the subjects laid on the floor behind forward seats cannot be rolled forward and under no circumstances are not capable to prevent the driver to manipulate freely pedals of management, and also cannot break correctness of adjustment of provision of forward seats.
Hold a ware box during the movement closed.
Transportation of goods in a luggage compartment or on the luggage carrier established on a car roof
Try to distribute freight evenly, placing baggage possibly closer to seats. Heavy freights always have to settle down from below, on a floor of a luggage compartment. Reliably record the transported subjects a strong cord that they could not be displaced on the run of the car. Never stack baggage higher than a level of backs of forward seats.
In transit large-size or lengthy subjects at the put back seats, try to fix reliably them a strong cord to prevent shift of freight during the emergency braking of the car. Do not stack baggage higher than a level of backs of seats in order to avoid reduction of sector of the review to the driver.
The description of operations of folding of backs of back seats and installation them in a starting position is provided in the Section Equipment of the Car, an arrangement of devices and governing bodies.
In need of transportation of the lengthy subjects which are not allowing to close a door a bagazhnogootdeleniye back/cover, remember that the fulfilled engine gases can get to salon of the car, - carry out the appropriate measures of precaution (see the Section Elements of security systems of the car).
At placement of freight on the luggage carrier established on a car roof, track that the cumulative mass of baggage did not exceed admissible value. For obtaining more detailed information address on car repair shop of the Honda company.
Start of the engine
Cock the parking brake.
At a low temperature of air switch off everything auxiliary consumers of electric energy to reduce load of the battery.
On the models equipped with RKPP squeeze out a coupling pedal against the stop and include neutral transfer.
On models with AT make sure that the lever of the selector is installed in situation "P" or "N" and squeeze out a pedal of a foot brake.
Without squeezing out a gas pedal, turn a key in the ignition lock in the provision of "START" (III) and include a starter. If the engine was not started at once, continue to scroll a cranked shaft a starter, remembering that duration of continuous functioning of a starter should not exceed 15 seconds. Repeated attempt of start should be made not less than ten seconds later, - the pause is necessary for cooling of an electric motor of a starter.
If the engine does not manage to be started during the continuous work of a starter within 15 seconds, or the started engine at once becomes deaf, popytaytes to execute start at the gas pedal which is squeezed out to a half. After successful start of the engine release a gas pedal to avoid sharp increase of turns.
If it is not possible to start the engine still, completely squeeze out a pedal of gas and hold it in the pressed situation during the whole time of functioning of a starter, is will help to remove the excess fuel which got to the inlet pipeline and cylinders of the engine. Duration of continuous work of a starter, as well as in the previous cases, should not exceed 15 seconds. If the engine is not started after a purge of cylinders, once again try to start it at partially squeezed out gas pedal. Right after implementation of start release a pedal of Feature of start of the engine in cold weather in the conditions of highlands (you a sota above sea level more than 2400 m)
At a low temperature of air start of the engine is at a loss. In the conditions of highlands where air is strongly discharged, start of the engine becomes complicated in addition. Instructions which need to be followed at start of the engine in the considered conditions are given below.
Switch off everything auxiliary consumers of electric energy to reduce load of the battery.
Squeeze out a pedal of gas to a half hold it in this situation during the whole time of scrolling of a cranked shaft of the engine of a starter. Duration of continuous inclusion of a starter should not exceed 15 seconds. After implementation of successful start of the engine gradually release a gas pedal, without allowing substantial increase of turns.
If the engine is not started, squeeze out a gas pedal against the stop and hold it in the pressed situation during the whole time of functioning of a starter. Duration of continuous work of a starter, as well as in the previous case, should not exceed 15 seconds. If the engine is still not started, repeat the attempt described above.
At a negative temperature of air or if the car was not used within several days, let's the engine get warm within 3 - 4 minutes, only after it begin the movement.
Five-step manual box of gear shifting
For ensuring smooth and unaccented switching all transfers of the forward course are synchronized. In a transmission there is a blocking device which excludes possibility of direct switching from the fifth transfer on transfer of a backing. When switchings a transmission "up" (on the highest steps) or "down" (on the lowest steps) completely switch off coupling. After transfer of the lever of switching of a transmission to the provision of the following transfer smoothly release a coupling pedal. During the movement to the chosen transfer completely remove a foot from a coupling pedal in order to avoid premature wear of components of the mechanism of the last.
Include transfer of a backing only after a full stop of the car. Attempt to include a reverse under way can lead to serious damage of a transmission. Before inclusion of a reverse gear completely switch off coupling and sustain short (in some seconds) a pause. Remark: Instead of a pause it is possible to make short inclusion of one of forward transfers. The described methods of inclusion of a backing allow to prevent shock inclusion of a reverse gear because of residual rotation of gear wheels.
For delay of the car it is possible to use braking by the engine, having switched a transmission to one of the lowered steps. Braking by the engine allows to control the speed of the movement of the car at the safe level and prevents an overheat of brake mechanisms at the movement on long descents with a considerable bias. Switch a transmission to the lowered steps consistently, in process of reduction of speed, that not a dopustitprevysheniye of the most admissible frequency of rotation of a cranked shaft of the engine on a tachometer. The arrow of a tachometer should not come into a red zone of a scale. In all cases it is necessary to be guided by values of the maximum admissible speed of the car on the corresponding transfers (see below).
The recommended gear shifting moments
Try to move on the highest transfer, obespechivayushcheyv specific road conditions normal functioning of the engine at uniform motion and possibility of smooth dispersal of the car. Following of this recommendation will provide high profitability of the car and effective work of system of neutralization of the fulfilled gases. At gear shiftings be guided by the data provided in Specifications.
The most admissible speeds of the movement of the car on various transfers
In Specifications the maximum admissible speeds of the movement of the car are given in various transfers. At excess of the specified values of speed, the arrow of a tachometer will come into a red zone of a scale, specifying on is inadmissible the high frequency of rotation of a cranked shaft of the engine. Thus the electronic block of a control system of the engine starts limiting turns of a cranked shaft, reducing fuel supply that it is possible to feel it on change of power setting. Operation of the engine is normalized as soon as the arrow of a tachometer leaves a red zone of a scale.
In order to avoid breakage of the engine before transfer switching, be convinced that the arrow of a tachometer does not exceed the most admissible speed of the movement on this transfer and is not in a red zone of a scale.
On cars of the Honda brand the four-stage hydromechanical automatic transmission with the blocked hydrotransformer and an electronic and hydraulic control system is established. The control system of a transmission provides timely and smooth switching of all steps of the forward course. Blocking of the hydrotransformer improves fuel profitability of the car. On subjective feelings inclusion of a blocking friction clutch of the hydrotransformer similar to usual switching of a step of a transmission.
Indicators of position of the selector of switching of ranges
Provisions of the lever of the selector of ranges
When switching ranges of an automatic transmission move the lever along the directing groove. The lever of switching of ranges is blocked in situation "P" if the ignition key is turned in situation "LOCK" (0) or "ASS" (I). In this case the conclusion of the lever of the izpolozheniye "R" is impossible even when squeezing a brake pedal.
Situation "P". In this position of the lever of the selector of ranges the secondary shaft of transmission is mechanically blocked. Always transfer the lever the selector of radiapazon to situation "P" at switching off or start of the engine. To bring the lever of the selector of ranges out of situation "P", it is necessary to squeeze out a brake pedal, previously having released a gas pedal. Reject the lever of the selector of ranges to the right and bring him out of situation "P".
If after performance of all listed above actions it is still not possible to bring the lever out of situation "P", it is necessary to unblock it, following the instructions stated below.
In order to avoid breakage of AT transfer the lever to situation "P" only after a full stop of the car. Remark: Extraction of a key from the lock of ignition becomes possible only after the translation of the lever of the selector in situation "P".
Situation "R". Methods of management of the lever of the selector of ranges at its transfer to the situation "R" (Zadniykhod) from situation "P" are described above. (Neutral) make turning on of the lever in the situation "R" from the situation "N" only after a full stop of the car.
Automatic transmission is equipped with the special safety device which does not allow to move the lever to the provision of "R" if the speed of the car exceeds value of 10-12 km/h incidentally.
If the backing does not join after a full stop of the car, squeeze out a brake pedal and slowly move the lever of the selector of ranges at first to the situation "N", then to the situation "R".
At malfunction of the safety device, and also at the battery disconnected from an onboard network or discharged it is impossible to include backing range. In this case it is necessary to remove blocking of inclusion of range of a backing.
The situation "N", Use the situation "N" (Neutral) at start of the decayed engine on the run of the car and at short stops of the car with the working engine. If you for any reason need to depart from the car, previously transfer the lever of the selector of ranges to situation "P" (Parking). At a lever conclusion squeeze out a pedal of a foot brake of the situation "N".
Situation "D4". In this situation the lever of the selector of ranges has to be constantly at the movement of the car in normal road conditions. In the range of "D4" (Movement) automatic gear shifting of the forward course depending on the speed of the car and extent of pressing an accelerator pedal is provided. During the movement of the car you can notice that automatic switchings on the highest transfers occurs later, that is at higher speeds of the movement if the engine of the car is not heated-up up to the normal working temperature yet. It provides faster warming up of the engine.
Mode of manual gear shifting. If the lever of the selector of ranges is in the situation "D4", there is a possibility of inclusion of the manual mode of gear shifting. In this mode of transfer switch by means of the same lever as it becomes on the models equipped with RKPP, but without use of a pedal of management of coupling. To include the manual mode of gear shifting, move the lever from the situation "D4" to the left (towards a driver's seat). The transmission comes back to automatic control mode at the return movement of the lever to the right (towards a passenger seat).
When moving the lever of switching of ranges to the situation corresponding to manual control mode by a transmission on the dashboard the indicator of the transfer included at present lights up. For example, if the fourth transfer is included, on the right an otindikator of "D4" the figure "4" will be highlighted. At the subsequent gear shiftings in the manual mode of the indication of the indicator will change as appropriate. If to include manual control mode by a transmission on the standing car, the first transfer automatically will join, and in an indicator window the figure "1" will be highlighted.
The start of motion and dispersal of the car will occur on the first transfer, then it is necessary to include manually the second and the subsequent transfers. At manual control mode by a transmission it is necessary to watch on a tachometer that limit admissible turns of the engine were not exceeded. In the course of dispersal of the car in due time include adjacent highest transfers, without allowing calling of an arrow of a tachometer a red zone of a scale.
If the driver does not press the lever of the selector of ranges, the transmission will work at the same step (1, 2, 3 or 4th), without switchings. At full squeezing of a pedal of gas of switching of a transmission also do not occur.
In manual control mode by a transmission it is provided vozmozhnostyavtomatichesky switching of transmission with the fourth on the third peredachuv the following cases:
a) Speed of the car fell nizhe27 km/h.
If for removal of blocking of the lever of the selector of ranges it was necessary to use the reception described above, malfunction of transmission is a possible cause of infringement. Address on car repair shop of the Honda company for check and car repairs.
The brake way of the equipped ABS car can exceed a little habitual for models with usual brake system. Told especially it is noticeable at the movement on fragile and rough pavings (gravel, snow). At the movement in similar road conditions reduce speed and increase a distance to ahead the going vehicle.
Joint inclusion of control lamps of ABS and refusals of brake system / raising of the parking brake also means shutdown of function of regulation of brake effort that an ukazyvayetna existence of malfunctions both in ABS, and in brake system. Thus the brake system of the car to prodolzhitobespechivat rather adequate braking of the car, however it is necessary to avoid sharp squeezing of a pedal of a foot brake. Immediately address on the nearest car repair shop.
Towage of the trailer
The full mass of the trailer including its own weight and mass of the freight placed in it should not exceed the limit admissible mass of the towed trailer (see Specifications). The limit admissible mass of the trailer depends on that, it is equipped with brake mechanisms, or not.
The maximum vertical load of the hook-on device of the car with a full mass of the trailer should not exceed 50 kgfs. For trailers with a full weight up to 500 kg it is necessary to adhere to the following rule: vertical load of a turnbuckle has to make about 10% of the full mass of the trailer. For example, if the full mass of the trailer with freight is equal 225 kg, vertical load of the hook-on device has to make about 22.5 kgfs. Adjust load of a car turnbuckle, as appropriate placing freight on the trailer. For a start it is recommended to place freight so that about 60% of its weight were ahead of a trailer axis, and 40% - behind. If the full mass of the trailer exceeds 500 kg, try to distribute freight on trailer length more evenly. Never load the trailer so that the back part of the trailer outweighed a lobby, is brings to razgruzk ezadny wheels of the car that worsens coupling of tires with a paving.
The full mass of the car and the towed trailer should not exceed the corresponding maximum admissible values (see Specifications).
The design of the hook-on device intended for installation on your car has to meet completely all necessary requirements, in case of need consult at car repair shop of the Honda company.
The hook-on device has to fasten in several specially provided points on the basis of a car body that loadings from the towed trailer were distributed more evenly and fell on elements of strengthening of a body. It is forbidden to mount the hook-on devices leaning only on a rear bumper which is not intended for perception of similar loads of the car. Installation of a turnbuckle has to be made by qualified personnel of car service.
Towage of the large-size trailer (Caravan type) usually demands installation on the car of additional rear-view mirrors with the extended arms. Specify the requirements of the local legislation and Traffic regulations concerning towage of trailers cars. Attach the trailer to the car and estimate extent of deterioration of a rearview through standard rear-view mirrors. If the review unsatisfactory, for reasons of safety it is necessary to equip the special mirrors providing to the driver the adequate review of space behind the car.
Connection of the trailer to the car
If you are going to get the trailer equipped with brake mechanisms, be convinced that they have the electric drive of management, the design of the hydraulic drive of working brake system of your car does not provide possibility of connection to it of any additional contours, in particular, for actuating of brake mechanisms of the trailer. Any way of accession to a brake hydraulic actuator of the car of brake system of the trailer, what attractive it would not seem, will lead to deterioration of efficiency of braking of the car and decrease in traffic safety.
Attaching the trailer to the car, always use a safety chain. The ends of a safety chain have to be reliably fixed to the corresponding places on the dyshl of the trailer and on the hook-on device of the car. Track that the chain passed under dyshly the trailer, is will prevent falling of the forward end of a dyshl on the road in case of a hitch rassoyedineniye. Free length of a chain has to be sufficient not to disturb commission of turns of the road train with the minimum radiuses, however, it is not necessary to allow drawings of a chain on the ground.
Devices of external lighting and the alarm system on the trailer
As on trailers the razlichnykhmarok can be used various laying of an electrical wiring, the equipment of a turnbuckle should be charged to specialists of car service. In certain cases installation of a transitional nozzle (adapter) can be demanded.
Before connecting electric equipment of the trailer to the car power supply network, surely consult at car repair shop.
Preparation for towage of the trailer
Before a start of motion it is necessary to make control survey and check of the car and trailer.
Measure the vertical loading falling on the hook-on device, - use usual bathroom scales.
Check reliability of fastening of a dyshl of the trailer and a safety chain.
Check technical condition of tires and pressure of air in tires on the car and the trailer. The lowered air pressure in tires considerably worsens controllability of the car and the road train. At the same time check a state and pressure of air in a spare wheel.
Having completely loaded and having attached the trailer to the car, make sure of lack of excessive "flash" of back part of the car, - in case of need remove excess freight from the car/trailer.
Check serviceability of functioning of devices of external lighting and the alarm system on the car and the trailer.
Specify the operating restrictions of traffic regulations on the maximum speed of the movement of the road train as a part of the car and the trailer. Planning to make a trip over several countries, in advance examine features of the local requirements and restrictions concerning towage of the trailer the car as in each country the restrictions can work. Remark: In the European countries restriction of speed of the movement of the road train as a part of the car and the trailer is established at the level of 100 km/h.
Security measures at towage of the trailer
It is necessary to consider that the brake way of the car towing the trailer increases. Therefore, moving with the trailer, you should support the increased distance to ahead the going car. Try to avoid sharp braking and turns. It can lead to folding of the road train or even a turning of the trailer.
Remember that road train length considerably exceeds length of the single car. At turn to the right leave between edge of a carriageway and wheels of the right board of the car the bigger distance, than usually is considerable to avoid arrival by trailer wheels on a border. Consider that at turn of the road train the trailer moves on an arch of smaller radius, than the car, and can run or face an obstacle which the car freely passed. When overtaking other vehicle do not hurry to come back to the row as it can lead to collision of the overtaken car with the trailer.
The road train, in comparison with the single car, is more sensitive to action of rushes of a side wind and aerodynamic indignations from other cars. If you are overtaken at great speed by the heavy truck or the road train, try to support rectilinear and uniform motion of the car. To reduce the aerodynamic indignations operating on the road train from ahead the going car reduce speed to leave a turbulent stream.
At towage of the trailer load of all main units and systems of the car increases. Therefore at frequent use of the car for towage of the trailer it is necessary to carry out periodic maintenance of the car according to regulations, characteristic for intense service conditions (see the Head Nastroyki and routine maintenance).
Additional load of the car even more increases at operation of the road train in the hilly district. When overcoming long rises watch closely temperature condition of the engine according to the strelochny index on a control panel. At approach of an arrow of the index to an overheat zone, switch off the air conditioner (if it is equipped and included) and continue the movement. If temperature of cooling liquid of the engine does not decrease, or continues to increase, stop on a roadside and let's the engine cool down. Remark: The conditioner of air should be switched off also at prompt increase in speed on descent at the movement in a hilly or hilly terrain. If temperature of cooling liquid of the engine constantly increases at the movement on the second transfer, reduce movement speed below a mark of 60 km/h.
At the movement in a hilly or hilly terrain cyclic switching of the third and fourth transfers of automatic transmission can be observed. In this case it is necessary to pass into the lowered range of "D3" that will prevent an overheat and excessive wear of details of the frictional AT elements. In order to avoid an overheat of brake mechanisms at the movement on long descents to a spolzuyta braking by the engine. For effective braking by the engine include the lowered range or one of the lowest steps of an automatic transmission.
At a road train stop on rise do not hold it on a place by pressing of a pedal of gas, is can lead to AT overheat. Use working brake system or the parking brake.
At management of automatic transmission in the manual mode use the third, second and first transfers, being conformed with a speed of the movement of the car and road conditions. Towing the trailer, do not include the fourth transfer. The recommended high-speed ranges for use of various steps of a transmission are specified in Specifications.
Zaparkovyvy the road train on the long parking, especially on descent or rise, take all precautionary measures for reliable braking of the car and the trailer. Turn forward wheels of the car so that when rolling the road train they rested against curbstone. Completely cock the parking brake and transfer the lever of the selector of ranges to situation "P". On the models equipped with RKPP include the first, or reverse gear. In addition enclose antiretractable boots under both wheels of the trailer.
The control of road train at the movement by a backing presents certain difficulties and demands from the driver of special skills and training. Move a backing carefully and slowly, do not rotate excessively quickly steering wheel. When maneuvering by a backing in the constrained conditions it is useful that someone, standing outside, watched movements of the trailer and directed your actions. Keep in mind that at rotation of a steering wheel clockwise (to the right) the trailer moves to the left, and vice versa. When maneuvering the road train the backing recommends to hold a rim of a steering wheel from below (and not from above, as usual, at the movement by the forward course). At such successful fellow habitual compliance between the direction of turn of a steering wheel and the movement of the trailer remains: shift of a hand leads to turn of the trailer also to the left to the left and vice versa.